There are many advantages to transforming a combustion engine car into an electric vehicule. Zero CO2 emissions, zero traffic restrictions, zero fuel consumption and zero mechanical problems, the list is long. In concrete terms, what savings can be envisaged and how can we organise ourselves on a daily basis?
Retrofit, a smaller investment than a new electric vehicule
Driving an electric vehicule has a lot of advantages. Economical on the one hand, with less vehicle maintenance, the disappearance of fuel costs… But also more advantages in everyday life such as free parking or recharging in certain towns and car parks.
The purchase cost of new electric vehicles ranges from €26,000 to €32,900 for small models such as the Citroën C-Zero or Renault Zoé. Despite a €5,000 conversion premium, the investment is still quite substantial for these small models.
A virtuous solution par excellence and good news for the year 2020, car retrofited is coming to France! Converting a thermal vehicle into an electric one makes it possible to make significant savings thanks to the reuse of a vehicle already built several years ago, but still in running order, whose technical inspection has been validated.
How much a retrofited car cost in France?
Several French companies are already positioning themselves on the retrofit market, each with its own specificity. These “Made in France retrofit startups” offer conversions ranging from €10,000 to €29,000, excluding grants, and cars ready for conversion supplied by their owners.
As for Transition One, a startup in Orléans that offers to replace the combustion engine of small class A models (Twingo II, Fiat 500, Toyota Aygo, Citroën C1, Peugeot 107, Volkswagen Polo), supplied by the individuals themselves, all in 4 hours and for €5,000 in aid deducted.
Or Ian Motion who made the mythical Austin Mini, the spearhead of his activity from €29,000 car not included.
Retrofuture Electric Vehicles, for its part, is launching a range of 15 iconic cars selected and supplied by the company, ranging from the original Fiat 500 to the 1968 Porsche 912 and the Peugeot 504 coupé. A small revolution from 19,000 to 60,000 € car included, to satisfy all vintage lovers.
What is the autonomy of a retrofited electric vehicule?
To transform a thermal car into an electric one, the rules to be respected are simple. Keep the initial power of the vehicle, which must not exceed that displayed at the time of its first approval.
The size of the battery varies from 120 to 220 km, depending on the size of the vehicle and its weight. A 10 to 15% increase in vehicle weight is tolerated per axle. It is therefore easy to imagine that the range on an Austin mini, Fiat 500 or Renault Twingo (around 150 km) will not be as great as that offered on a retrofitted Range Rover, which can reach 300 km.
How to recharge your electric vehicule at home?
For occasional recharging, the batteries can be charged at a standard household outlet with a European Type 2 connector.
A reinforced, safer plug, on the other hand, is recommended for daily use, while remaining easy to install and inexpensive. Installed by a certified electrician, it consists of a dedicated secure line and a suitable electrical protection device to increase the charging power to 3.16 kW.
It is ideal if you travel a maximum of 80 kilometres a day.
If you travel more than 80 kilometres per day or if you want to benefit from a charging time divided by 3 compared to a reinforced socket, it is more appropriate to turn to a more powerful home charging station installed by qualified professionals. More information on the different installers to be found on the site Je roule en électrique (I drive electric).
The kiosk network in France
With more than 28,000 recharging points already installed (+29% between March 2018 and 2019), and 100,000 terminals planned by 2022, France is a leader in Europe.
The vast majority of this equipment (91% or 18,500 terminals) delivers up to 22 kW, which corresponds to “Accelerated” type recharging.
2,551 terminals, or 9% of the installed terminals, offer fast recharging from 24 kW to 43 kW.
The best-equipped regions in France?
Ile-de-France with 4,051 recharging points (+9% in one year) and Occitania with 3,439 units (+10%) are the best-equipped regions.
Just behind, follow the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region (3,152 charging points) and New-Aquitaine (3,143 charging points).
The regions that still need to progress:
With less than 10 charging points per 100,000 inhabitants, Seine-Saint-Denis, Haute-Loire and Puy-de-Dôme are the least equipped departments…
An interactive map to help you find your terminal
Are you looking for a landmark on a particular territory? Nothing could be simpler with this interactive map available on the Avere website.
An application to plan your journeys and recharging stages
The website “A Better Routeplanner” (ABRP), launches its application. Presented as one of the best route planning tools for electric vehicles, the application even calculates the breaks needed to recharge the battery. The application takes into account the specific fuel consumption of each model, the characteristics of the road to be taken, the weather, etc.
The free application is available on the App Store and Google Play, in its beta version and in English for the moment. To discover on smartphone or on : https://abetterrouteplanner.com/