With more than 28,000 recharging points already installed and 100,000 to come by 2022, France is a leader in Europe in terms of electric mobility. In addition to recharging stations, various solutions are available to individuals for recharging their vehicles at home. How to charge electric car at home ?
How to charge electric car in France?
From north to south and east to west, the metropolitan territory is now fairly well equipped with electric recharging stations for vehicles. Open and accessible to all, these recharging points are listed on an interactive map at the initiative of Avere (National Association for the Development of Electric Mobility) available on the Je roule en électrique website.
A total of 28,600 recharging points, spread throughout the territory and accessible to all. The vast majority of this equipment (91% or 18,500 charging points, i.e. +16% compared to 2018) delivers up to 22 kW, which corresponds to “Accelerated” type recharging. 2,551 terminals, i.e. 9% of the installed terminals, offer fast recharging from 24 kW to 43 kW (+26% compared to 2018).
The best-equipped regions in France?
Ile-de-France with 4,051 recharging points (+9% in one year) and Occitania with 3,439 units (+10%) are the best-equipped regions. Just behind, the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region (3,152 charging points) and New-Aquitaine (3,143 charging points).
A good balance between public and private stations
With 10,491 public stations (representing 24,808 recharging points) for a fleet of 163,247 electric cars, France has a ratio of one recharging point for every 6.5 cars. This compares with a ratio of one charging point per 10 cars as recommended by Europe. In addition, there are 65,000 private recharging points with reinforced sockets, Wallbox…
How to choose?
For home recharging, it is necessary to equip yourself with a charging system adapted to the use of the electric car and the number of kilometres travelled daily. Several solutions exist. Bollards installed in collective car parks, but also simple and secure plugs to be simply installed at home. In a few years’ time, these installations could also be an advantage when reselling homes equipped with them.
A course of 80 km maximum per day? Choose the secure domestic socket
For occasional recharging, the batteries can be charged at a standard household outlet with a European Type 2 connector. However, it is necessary to use a reinforced or secured plug to avoid any risk of overheating or fire.
Easy to install and inexpensive (around 80 euros), these reinforced plugs installed by an approved electrician, allow the charging power to be increased to 3.16 kW, for a complete recharge in 7 to 9 hours.
Beyond 80 km per day, prefer a faster charging time.
If you travel more than 80 kilometres or if you want to benefit from a recharging time divided by 3 compared to a reinforced plug, it is preferable to choose a more powerful home recharging station. Installed by a qualified professional, it offers various options such as programming during off-peak hours, monitoring of energy consumption, remote control and monitoring…
These 16 amp fast charge terminals provide a full charge of between 3 and 5 hours. The cost of a 3-kilowatt terminal is about 500 euros, compared to 800 to 1200 euros for a 7-kilowatt terminal, excluding the electrician’s labour.
A simulator of the charging time to be foreseen for your vehicle according to your use, is to be found on Je roule en électrique.com